National laws guarantee the preservation in narrow limits of 80% of the land in its natural period of training in the Amaznia, 35% in open pasture and 20% in the Atlantic bush, therefore they observe each differently bioma.Had the controversy on the legislative regulation, new the proposal follows today for approval in the Congress. Since its beginning the forest code has suffered diverse alterations, by means of laws and provisional remedies, that demonstrate to the conflict of interests front the inability of the legislators. The Provisional remedy n. 1956-50 of the CONAMA, define Legal Reserve as: ' ' area located in the interior of a property or agricultural ownership, excepted of permanent, necessary preservation to the sustainable use of the natural resources, to the conservation and whitewashing of the ecological processes, to the conservation of biodiversity to the shelter and protection of fauna and flora nativa' '. The quarrel has caused would be controversies with good argument of both the sides.
The powerful lobby known Brazilian agriculturist as known Ruralistas and the ONGs as Ambientalistas. Those defend the change, therefore so strict laws would decelerate the economic growth, taking many producers to the condition of ambient criminals. The seconds conclude that if approved, the new code will take the levels of deforestation disordered in the Amaznia, since in areas of closed in the Par, would be enough the preservation of 30% in RL, instead of demanded 80%. The project still brightens up the penalty and increases the time of regulation for those in irregular situation. She was necessary the arrival of the new president, Dilma Rousseff to be given the voting in regimen of urgency, although the search of popularity for the members of the house of representatives reporters. An initial text of the project of Aldo Rebelo (PCdoB) was not nor in defense of the small private property nor of the environment.